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A new DRI Trendlines looks at demographics of three leading Asian powers, and how key variables paint a complicated and, in large parts, pessimistic picture.
The following is an excerpt from the latest DRI Trendlines “Demography’s Long Shadow: Population and Prosperity in China, India, Japan.” Access the full report here.
This chapter looks at how the populations of China, India, and Japan are changing, by looking at median age, working population, sex and dependency ratios, among other variables—and how they are likely to evolve over the course of the century.
To start, median ages are increasing in all three countries.
Around one-third of Japan’s population currently is above the age of 65.
By the turn of this century, Japan will have the highest number of females per 100 men, larger than not just the corresponding figures for China and India, but also the projected figure for Asia as a whole.
Old-age (65 plus) and young-age (0 – 14 years) dependency ratios are defined as the ratios of 65 plus and under 14 citizens, respectively, to the total working age population (15 – 64 years).
In 2050, India will be better placed than both China and Japan when it comes to working age population and median age.
The preceding was an excerpt from the latest DRI Trendlines “Demography’s Long Shadow: Population and Prosperity in China, India, Japan.” Access the full report here.